Central Department Store
Place: Donetsk
CATEGORY
public
TYPE OF ACTIVITY
renovation
YEAR
2013-2014
AREA
19 200 sqm
Donetsk Central Department Store (CDS) is a trade centre built in the central part of the city, at the junction of Labour Lane and Artema Str. During the 2nd World War the CDS building was largely destroyed by bombing and re-established in post-war years. In 70s the CDS underwent some major reconstruction (completed in 1974), adding a northern and a southern wing. On January 20, 2002 there was a severe fire in the CDS, and two upper floors were completely burnt. In 2003 the CDS was renewed and open for visitors. Numerous frontispiece elements peculiar for the architecture of the 30s of XX century were lost in reconstruction (including the sculptures of the central porch).
Architectural design
Architectural design
Architectural concept
The central gallery of the mall has been designed to remain intact. The sculptures, which were lost, are to be replaced, and the historical facade is to be dressed in stone. More glass is to appear and automatic doors are to be installed at the main entrance.
The new decoration turns the building monumental, innovative modifications being made to the obsolete and ineffective layout, the parking lot being arranged, and the building attaining a modern appearance. The main facade (in Artema Street) gets panoramic show-windows serving as a lucid attractive wrapping and pushing to visit the mall.
The use of structure-based glasswork and bent glass distinguishes the building within the city blocks and makes up European spirit of its architecture.
Draft Project
Donetsk Central Mall consists of two buildings: an old one (constructed in 1930s) and a new one (constructed in 1970s). The interior concept is grounded on preservation and development of the established stylistic order of the buildings.
The old building’s interior is a continuance of its exterior. The Stalinist empire architecture with columns, cornices, frisos, and caissons will naturally and organically flow into the inner space of the mall. The existing massive columns inside the building are harmoniously decorated in the style of empire, thus making an impression that they have always been this way.
The new building’s interior is modern. Light minimalistic spaces with smooth lines and fine round non-spacey columns create a dissolving space disclosing the shop windows to the largest extent. The spaces of the new and the old buildings are bonded with the polished self-leveling floor and the ornamental lighting built in the ceiling; they are in contrast to each other and complement each other at the same time.
Interior Design
Interior Design
The main concept of the interior project is preservation and development of the exiting style of the buildings.

The interior of the old building is linked to its exterior appearance. Stalin Empire architecture with the pillars, eaves, friezes and coffers naturally and organically flows in the internal space of the central department store.

The new building’s interior is modern. Light minimalistic spaces with smooth lines and fine round non-spacey columns create a dissolving space disclosing the shop windows to the largest extent.
The spaces of the new and the old buildings are bonded with the polished self-leveling floor and the ornamental lighting built in the ceiling; they are in contrast to each other and complement each other at the same time.
The spaces of the new and the old buildings are bonded with the polished self-leveling floor and the ornamental lighting built in the ceiling; they are in contrast to each other and complement each other at the same time.
Inspection
Inspection
The inspection of the Donetsk CDS building was primarily focused on evaluation of the technical condition of the structures to decide on feasibility of its reconstruction. Since the main CDS building was twice subject to a fire, the accent was on its bearing structures - pillars and coffering slabs.
The inspection of the Donetsk CDS building was primarily focused on evaluation of the technical condition of the structures to decide on feasibility of its reconstruction. Since the main CDS building was twice subject to a fire, the accent was on its bearing structures - pillars and coffering slabs.
Structural defects and damages were identified during the activities, and the strength performance was evaluated by non-destructive testing. Revised design was drawn and chemical composition of the steel in the bearing trusses was analysed.
As the activities progressed it was found that the structures of the northern staircase are unsafe and their renovation is infeasible, therefore it was decided to disassemble the staircase.
During disassembly operations of building structural elements, geodetic monitoring of settlements, tilt, spatial and relative position of CDS units was performed.
Based on the works completed, recommendations were developed on correction of the defects and damages identified, and opinions were issued with respect to the feasibility of building reconstruction in accordance with the suggested concept.
Based on the works completed, recommendations were developed on correction of the defects and damages identified, and opinions were issued with respect to the feasibility of building reconstruction in accordance with the suggested concept.
Construction
Construction
MODUS construction group participated in reconstruction of Donetsk CDS. Due to the onset of military activities in Donetsk in 2014 the reconstruction came to a halt. However, as winter was coming close, the CDS building required immediate conservation. The construction department of the group engaged in dealing with the challenges, and the following construction operations were performed:
  • reinforcement of basement foundations and walls;
  • foundation pit backfilling;
  • assembly of flooring metalworks;
  • installation of assembled reinforced concrete structures;
  • installation of wall and flooring enclosures.